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    北京冬奧會速度滑冰女子團體追逐賽戰術演變與啟示

    來源:用戶上傳      作者:李雨 安秋 范名揚 卜亞超 王湘元 甄立軍

      摘 要:2022年北京冬奧會速度滑冰女子團體追逐比賽進行分析,研究戰術演變的規律。通過文獻查閱法、數據統計法,以連續參加北京、平昌兩屆冬奧會的速度滑冰女子團體追逐項目的日本、加拿大、荷蘭、中國、波蘭運動員為研究對象,探索各國家隊在北京冬奧會所創造的最好成績與采用的比賽戰術特點。研究發現2022年北京冬奧會與2018年平昌冬奧會各國參賽隊伍,在領滑順序上、領滑圈數上都做出了明顯調整,從1輪領滑、2輪領滑,演變成只有1輪領滑的發展趨勢。提出把握比賽制勝的規律,以備戰第25屆米蘭冬奧會為突破口,加強選材,組建一支擁有大量優秀人才的高精尖團體追逐隊伍;組建復合型訓練團隊,創新訓練方法,強化體能訓練;針對自身與項目特點,創造適合自己的比賽戰術。
      關鍵詞:北京冬奧會;速度滑冰;團體追逐;戰術;演變
      中圖分類號:G811.212/G862.1 文獻標識碼:A 文章編號:1002-3488(2022)03-0001-05
      Tactical Evolution and Revelation of Beijing Winter Olympics SpeedSkating Women's Team Pursuit
      LI Yu1,AN Qiu1,FAN Ming-yang1,BU Ya-chao1,WANG Xiang-yuan1,ZHEN Li-jun2
      (1.College of Ice and Snow Sports,Capital University of Physical Education and Sports,Beijing 100191,China; 2. Heilongjiang Research Institute of Sports Science ,Harbin 150008 ,China)
      Abstract:Based on the analysis of women's speed skating team pursuit competition in 2022 Beijing Winter Olympic Games,this paper studies the evolution of tactics of women's speed skating team pursuit. By means of literature review method and data statistics method,this paper takes the athletes from Japan,Canada,The Netherlands,China and Poland who participated in the women's team pursuit of speed skating in Beijing and Pyeongchang Winter Olympics as the research object to explore the characteristics of competition tactics adopted when each national team creates the best results in Beijing Winter Olympics. the best results created by each national team in Beijing Winter Olympics and the characteristics of competition tactics adopted. It is found that the teams of the 2022 Beijing Winter Olympics and 2018 Pyeongchang Winter Olympics have made significant adjustments in the order of lead skating and the number of lead skating laps,which has changed from one lead skating and two lead skating in the past to only one lead skating now. This paper puts forward to grasp the rule to win in a competition,takes the preparation for the 25th Milan Winter Olympic Games as the breakthrough point talents,to strengthen the selection of talents and form a high-end team with a large number of excellent talents; and establish a compound training team,innovate training methods,and strengthen physical fitness. training. And one can creates special game tactics in accordance with himself/herself and the characteristics of the project.
      Key words: Beijing Winter Olympics; Speed skating; Group chase; Tactics; Evolution; Revelation

    nlc202208261700



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